We genuinely care about the quality of our software. This enables us to deliver high quality software at every step of our development process. By running writing tests, we quickly address any issues prior to writing our application code. Automated tests ensure we don't break previously written functionalities in our apps when delivering new features.
This process allows us to continuously deliver new features, which means our clients have stable builds in their hands every day. Open an account - An Infinum case. Truck Parking Europe - An Infinum case. Otherwise, you should divide your large test suites by team ownership, functional verticals, or user goals.
Typically, it's better to test your app on an emulated device or a cloud-based service like Firebase Test Lab , rather than on a physical device, as you can test multiple combinations of screen sizes and hardware configurations more easily and quickly. In addition to supporting medium-sized instrumentation tests, Espresso provides support for synchronization when completing the following tasks in large tests:.
This section describes how to use elements of AndroidX Test to further refine your app's tests.
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- Organize your code for testing.
The Guava team provides a fluent assertions library called Truth. You can use this library as an alternative to JUnit- or Hamcrest-based assertions when constructing the validation step—or then step—of your tests. Usually, you use Truth to express that a particular object has a specific property using phrases that contain the conditions you're testing, such as the following:. AndroidX Test supports several additional subjects for Android to make Truth-based assertions even easier to construct:.
The AndroidX Test API helps you carry out common tasks related to mobile app testing, which the following sections discuss. Espresso allows you to programmatically locate and interact with UI elements in your app in a thread-safe way. To learn more, see the Espresso guide. The test runner facilitates loading your test package and the app under test onto a device or emulator, running your tests, and reporting the results.
To further increase these tests' reliability, use Android Test Orchestrator, which runs each UI test in its own Instrumentation sandbox.
This architecture reduces shared state between tests and isolates app crashes on a per-test basis. For more information about the benefits that Android Test Orchestrator provides as you test your app, see the Android Test Orchestrator guide. The UI Automator API lets you interact with visible elements on a device, regardless of the activity or fragment that has focus.
Caution: We recommend testing your app using UI Automator only when your app must interact with the system UI or another app to fulfill a critical use case. Because UI Automator interacts with a particular system UI, you must re-run and fix your UI Automator tests after each platform version upgrade and after each new release of Google Play services.
As an alternative to using UI Automator, we recommend adding hermetic tests or separating your large test into a suite of small and medium tests. In particular, focus on testing one piece of inter-app communication at a time, such as sending information to other apps and responding to intent results.
The Espresso-Intents tool can help you write these smaller tests. Your app's interface should allow all users, including those with accessibility needs, to interact with the device and complete tasks more easily in your app. To help validate your app's accessibility, Android's testing library provides several pieces of built-in functionality, which is discussed in the following sections.
To learn more about how to validate your app's usability for different types of users, see the guide on testing your app's accessibility. Enable accessibility checks by including the AccessibilityChecks annotation at the beginning of your test suite, as shown in the following code snippet:. Enable accessibility checks by calling AccessibilityChecks.
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For more information on how to interpret the results of these accessibility checks, see the Espresso accessibility checking guide. Use the ActivityScenario and FragmentScenario classes to test how your app's activities and fragments respond to system-level interruptions and configuration changes. To learn more, see the guides on how to test activities and test fragments. AndroidX Test includes code for managing the lifecycles of key services. To learn how to define these rules, see the JUnit4 Rules guide.
If your app's behavior depends on the device's SDK version, use the SdkSuppress annotation, passing in values for minSdkVersion or maxSdkVersion depending on how you've branched your app's logic:. Content and code samples on this page are subject to the licenses described in the Content License. App Basics.
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- Test Driven Development: By Example.
- Test Driven Development Tutorial for iOS: Getting Started.
Build your first app. App resources.
Resource types. App manifest file. App permissions. Device compatibility. Multiple APK support.
Adding wearable features to notifications. Creating wearable apps. Creating custom UIs. Sending and syncing data. Creating data providers. Creating watch faces. Android TV. Build TV Apps.
Build TV playback apps. Help users find content on TV. Recommend TV content. Build TV channels. Android for Cars. Android Things. Developer kits. Advanced setup. Build apps. Create a Things app. Communicate with wireless devices. Configure devices. Interact with peripherals.
Build user-space drivers. Manage devices. Create a build. Push an update. Chrome OS devices. Core topics. Interact with other apps. Handling app links. App shortcuts. App widgets. Architecture Components. Data Binding Library. TDD lends itself well to pair-programming, where one developer writes tests and the other writes code to pass the tests. This can lead to faster development cycles as well as more robust code.
Fundamentals of Testing
Lastly, developers who use TDD have an easier time when it comes to making major refactors in the future. This is a by-product of the fantastic test coverage for which TDD is known. To kick things off, start by downloading the materials for this tutorial you can find a link at the top and bottom of this tutorial. Build and run the app.
The app displays a number and a Roman numeral. The player must choose whether or not the Roman numeral is the correct representation of the number. After making a choice, the game displays the next set of numbers. The game ends after ten attempts, at which point the player can restart the game. Try playing the game. Open ConverterTests. In ConverterTests. The key is writing just enough code to make the test pass.
The reason why you start with a failing test and then fix your code to pass it is to avoid a false-positive. The code returns I , repeated a number of times based on the input. They should all pass:. So how about 5? The code checks 5 separately, otherwise it reverts to the previous implementation.